Adding -s and -es
To make plurals, we usually add -s eg cars, houses, shops.
We add –es to words which end –ch, -s, -sh, -ss, -x and –zz.
churches, buses, dishes, boxes.
Decide whether to add –s or –es to make the words plural.
Words ending -y
Words that end in a vowel followed by –y just need an –s.
Words which end in a consonant then –y are more difficult.
Drop the –y and add –ies eg diary/diaries.
Make these words plural.
fairy _________ fairies
boy __________ boys
cry __________ cries
play _________ plays
valley ________ vallies
tray _________ trays
lady _________ ladies
sky __________ skies
city _________ cities
quay ________ quays
There is no rule to remember, you just need to learn the individual words.
Words ending with –f, -ff and –fe
Some words ending in –f just add –s for the plural eg chief/chiefs.
Words ending with –ff also just add –s eg cliff/cliffs.
Some words ending in -f or -fe change their plurals to –ves eg calf/calves.
Some words can use either spelling eg roof/roofs/rooves.
Using the patterns above, make these words plural.
5. There are some words you just have to learn. Test yourself on these and see how many you get right.